Introducing Terahertz.

When we refer to terahertz, we are referring to energy radiated within the terahertz (THz) region of the electromagnetic spectrum.

THz, is a unit of frequency, defined as one trillion (1012) cycles per second or 1012 hertz. The THz region lies between the microwave and infra-red regions and subsequently shares some properties with each of these.

The THz region is commonly considered to encompass the frequency range of 0.1 to 10 THz.

THz energy is naturally emitted from objects with a temperature greater than 2o Kelvin, however metals emit negligible amounts of THz energy.

SubTera’s technology is passive, which means it functions by receiving naturally occurring THz energy.

Download BINDT’s introduction to terahertz technologies for NDT and condition monitoring

Capabilities of terahertz.

THz energy transmits through many materials, however it is attenuated heavily by liquids and metals.  Liquids absorb THz energy waves and metal reflects them, therefore SubTera’s THz technology cannot inspect inside metals and liquids.

THz energy that is transmitted through materials can be used for material characterisation and internal or underlying feature analysis, such as CUI.

THz energy is non-ionising, therefore it does not present the same health and safety risks as X-ray inspection. It can however, be used as an alternative to X-rays for producing suitably high resolution images of internal features within an object.


There are many applications for THz inspections within the high-value manufacturing, processing and quality control industries.  Due to the properties of many non-metallic materials, THz energy can be used to see internal or concealed defects, and to detect the presence of foreign objects within a material, such as moisture within insulation.

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